Which Bloodborne Pathogen Is Most Contagious?Greg Garner
You’ve recently found yourself amid a global health emergency. The COVID-19 pandemic has got you thinking. The spread of disease may have been a foreign concept to you or something you used to not pay attention to in the least.
So you’re asking yourself: Which bloodborne pathogen is most contagious?
Now things are different. Think about almost every surface you touch. You make a sincere effort to sanitize surfaces in your home.
You wash your hands whenever you return from an outing. The pandemic living in now requires a strict set of practices you must use to keep yourself safe.
Now, we are rolling out a vaccine around the world to help curb its spread.
But what about illnesses that have been around for much longer? What about more severe diseases of the blood that become chronic?
Use this as a definitive guide to help you to stay safe in the time of COVID and beyond.
Find your answers here about bloodborne illness, and remember to stay aware if you work in an industry with typical exposure rates.
What Is a Bloodborne Pathogen?
Microorganisms found in human blood and fluids can develop into human disease. They are referring to bloodborne pathogens (BBP) when this language is in use. A bloodborne pathogen is a type of bacteria or virus that lives and thrives in your blood.
These pathogens include some of the most contagious diseases we are aware of today, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks human T-cells. HIV inhibits the ability of an individual to combat other germ-causing diseases. It can contribute to the development of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
HIV may spread by workers exposed to an HIV-contaminated patient’s plasma or waste. It can spread by sexual intercourse with a contaminated person or exchanging needles. It can even spread to a fetus in the womb of a person who has the disease.
The risk can be lowered with appropriate precautions taken before birth.
You cannot contract HIV from telephones, toilets, door handles, or bug bites. You can’t get HIV by giving blood by touching hands, getting sneezed on, or coughed on. These common misconceptions hold no actual truth.
Different Types of Hepatitis
The hepatitis B virus remains classified as a bloodborne virus. Hepatitis B is transmitting in blood or blood-contaminated substances.
The infection attacks the liver. It may cause liver scarring, cancer of the liver, failure of the liver, and death. Jaundice, fatigue, stomach pain, and vomiting are all signs of infection.
You can avoid it with vaccinations. One of the most effective and optimal vaccines in the world is the hepatitis B vaccine.
Hepatitis C and hepatitis B are alike in many ways. Both diseases can stay dormant for 10-20 years with no symptoms.
By the time symptoms manage to manifest, the infected person may already have internal damage without even knowing the disease was striking. Individuals can often still be contagious but have no signs.
It is much more challenging to treat hepatitis C, as there is no vaccine available at the time. Hep C becomes a chronic condition in which it is simpler to treat symptoms.
The primary cause of patients requiring liver transplants in the United States is chronic hepatitis C.
Which Bloodborne Pathogen Is the Most Contagious?
Viral infections in the blood can cause chronic and life-threatening diseases. In humans, these diseases are bloodborne pathogens. Hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are all bloodborne pathogens.
Distribution from any of these can develop via open wounds. Disease transmission can also occur from injuries, lacerations, skin irritation, or mucous membranes.
Hepatitis B and C seem to be the most severe and chronic in healthcare facilities. Contraction is a significant concern for healthcare professionals.
Infection may very well be persistent. It may become recurrent, sustained for an extended amount of time, or even for a lifetime. The infection can be symptom-free, develop to a mild to severe disease, or be lethal.
In immunocompromised individuals, serious complications such as cirrhosis and liver disease can happen.
Be Aware of Pathogens at Work
About 2.2 million people in the U.S. suffer from hepatitis B, then becoming sources of HBV transmission to someone else. The prevalence of acute hepatitis B in native-born children has decreased. This is due to the compulsory HBV vaccine introduced in 2006.
Almost all bloodborne pathogens belong to a category. It is contagious and can take years for disease symptoms to develop. It would be best if you were careful, especially if you have a career where you come into contact with many people you don’t know.
Think of bloodborne pathogen transmission as something you should be on the lookout for. Stay educated about what this can mean in your career and the intuitions you find yourself in.
The Dangers of Transmission
Life post-exposure can be tricky, depending on the nature of the bloodborne illness after contraction. HBV therapy entails treating the associated nausea, vomiting, and fatigue with hospice care. Treatment strategies for HBV infection have changed.
Since the announcement of the 2008 recommendations for disease treatment, several antibiotics are still delivered, which is an exciting development for this virus. Ninety percent of people receive either of these latest oral dosage forms, which contributes towards antimicrobial therapy.
In the United States, safe hepatitis B vaccines have been available since 1981. Vaccines of hepatitis B attempt to improve prevention efforts. For people living with hepatitis B, this is a beautiful improvement.
Many people (2.2 million individuals) have an affliction of HBV, several of whom don’t recognize their disease condition (about 3.5 million confirm HCV inpatients).
Bloodborne Pathogens and Public Health
In 2008, the CDC released guidelines to direct hepatitis B testing, public health treatment of persons with chronic hepatitis B infection. Public health knowledge has grown to improve health conditions; there must be guidelines.
These recommendations emphasize the need to test people at high risk, and additionally, to perform touch management, tell patients, and prescribe FDA-approved hepatitis B treatment therapies.
The threat of even a single needlestick injury or laceration could put a person in contact with HBV-infected blood. The likelihood ranges from six percent to thirty percent for an unvaccinated person’s chance of exposure. It depends on the source of a person’s hepatitis B antibody status.
Both hepatitis B surface antigen antibody-positive people have more blood pathogens and are more likely to be infected with HBV.
Curb the Spread
Bloodborne pathogen vaccinations are only useful for very particular diseases. Vaccines are not available or practical for other forms of these diseases. If you are already living with a bloodborne illness, you may find yourself with a problem.
Living with these conditions can be difficult, depending on the complications.
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is mainly spread by percutaneous penetration, most commonly by intravenous drug use. It causes liver damage. There is no hepatitis C vaccine at present.
By preventing activities that can transmit the disease, especially injecting medications, this is the best way to prevent hepatitis C.
Typically, people newly infected with the virus are asymptomatic. So the acute stage is, for the most part, unrecorded.
When Your Condition Turns Chronic
Chronic hepatitis C is a severe condition that can lead to lengthy medical problems, even death. Hepatitis C is a short-term condition. It becomes chronic for seventy percent to eighty-five percent among those exposed to individual patients.
Alternatively, a quarter of people end their infection from the cells. Its mechanisms for any of this receive little documentation. The vast majority of people contaminated would not be conscious of their disease.
The leading sign for liver transplants in the United States is chronic HCV infection. Most patients with chronic HCV infection are symptom-free. Others have chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, which might differ from mild to severe.
Chronic liver disease in people afflicted with HCV is typically persistent. It can evolve for many years, with few signs or symptoms.
The History of Aids
The form of the disease we’ve called AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome), discovered in 1981, is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
For such an infected individual, multiple years can pass between infection and the beginning or detection of signs of illness. There are no signs for people with the disease but are not yet ill, and many do not know if they are contagious.
Medications will slow down the progression of the disorder. Treatments can be used after contact to minimize the risk of infection (PEP).
Proper Bloodborne Pathogen Prevention
Average measures incorporate the distance formula with standardized measures. These measures are used to treat both blood and body fluids as contagious. Separation methods of bodily substances have a strict protocol.
The precautions, independent of infection status, extend to all patients seeking treatment.
Bloodborne pathogen infection prevention is simple. Passing it on is irresponsible. Prevent passing an infection with the proper use of specialized tools and equipment.
Popular PPE forms include gloves, shields over the face, protective gowns, hospital-grade face masks, and even goggles.
More than one of the three viruses mentioned is not at all unusual for people to contract. These infections are transmitted through related routes: blood-to-blood contact, sexual contact, and injection-drug use.
Let’s Get Familiar With Pathogens
As many as 25% of people with HIV also have HCV, and up to 10% of people with HCV have HBV. Getting one infection does not mean that a person has the other immediately.
In the United States, some of the mentioned diseases are exceedingly rare. The versatility of individuals and families today suggests that diseases will spread worldwide. Overseas healthcare staff needs to be aware of the increased risk of exposure to unusual conditions—those conditions, widespread in their own country.
HCV ratios among Asians and African Americans are higher throughout the U.S. than among other ethnic backgrounds.
Of all four of the major pathogens, the most important thing to note is that most people diagnosed with viruses remain symptom-free. They generally have no idea they are ill. There is a chance of transmission.
Preventing contact with all persons’ blood and body fluids is essential. There is no simple way to identify someone who’s infected to those who are not. The only way you would tell someone’s status for blood diseases is through a blood test.
If you are having sexual intercourse with someone you don’t know very well, use protection. If you are a healthcare worker of any kind, wear your PPE.
Over twenty-two years, state law is implementing a protocol to strengthen healthcare workers’ wellbeing connected to needle sticks. These laws incorporate requirements not found in the federal OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen and public employee coverage.
These regulations include essential criteria such as monitoring systems, cost-benefit assessments, stringent safety system use requirements.
Healthcare employees face potential exposure in occupational environments where they contact blood or body fluids on the job. This is including hospitals, clinics, medical centers, and testing laboratories. Exposure to human tissue and blood requires compliance with federal legislation.
Keep Your Safety In Mind
There is not much difference in your COVID-19 related behavior and the things you do to protect yourself from the disease.
Protecting yourself is simple with the correct PPE. However, you may still have questions about infectious diseases. For starters: which bloodborne pathogen is most contagious?
The answer is simple: all of them—all diseases are equally transmittable. If you are lucky, the condition you contract is treatable and not chronic. Educate yourself about disease prevention.
If you are a healthcare worker, check out how you can study for your bloodborne pathogen safety exam. Let us help you arm yourself.